To get published, you may need to work with agents and editors, which are important roles in the publishing world. But what exactly do they do? What are their relationships with authors? And how do you find an agent or editor?\n\nIn this post, we\u2019ll explore what aspiring authors need to know about both.\nWhat Do Literary Agents Do?\nLiterary agents are people who represent writers in the publishing world. They are experts in the market and play an advisory role, which can include:\n\n \tConnecting writers with publishers and other industry representatives.\n \tSelling manuscripts and negotiating contracts for royalties.\n \tAdvising writers on choosing the right publishers and other career issues.\n \tMediating between authors and publishers\/editors.\n\nLiterary agents typically work on a commission basis: e.g. if your book sells, they\u2019ll get a percentage of the advance. This is often around 10-15%, but the exact numbers will depend on the agent in question.\n\nDifferent agents specialise in different types of writing. For instance, some agents only work for screenwriters. Others specialise in genre fiction. But whatever you write, there will be an agent somewhere who can help you.\nWhat Do Editors Do?\nThe word \u2018editor\u2019 covers several roles, but here we\u2019re looking at editors employed by publishers to oversee the publishing process. These are often known as \u2018commissioning editors\u2019. Their duties typically include:\n\n \tAcquiring and reviewing manuscripts for potential publication.\n \tActing as a point of contact for authors.\n \tWorking with signed authors to develop manuscripts\n \tOverseeing the editing and proofreading processes.\n \tManaging publishing schedules.\n\nAt smaller publishers, an editor may also do some copy editing, proofreading, or whatever it takes to prepare a manuscript for publication! And if you sign a publishing deal, you may build a close relationship with an editor over time, working with the same person on multiple projects.\nDo You Need an Agent?\nTypically, an agent will be your first point of contact with a publisher. The Big Five publishers, for example, don\u2019t usually read unagented manuscripts. As such, you will need an agent to get noticed by these companies.\n\nBut there is also a growing culture of small press and independent publishers, who sometimes accept manuscripts directly from authors. And it's always worth checking a publisher's website for submission instructions.\n\nIn addition, many authors now choose to self-publish. This is much more accessible than traditional publishing, as well as giving you more control over the process. However, self-publishing can be more work, and it can be hard to get noticed as a self-published author, whereas a publisher can offer significant help with the marketing and promotion of your book.\n\nUltimately, it is your choice whether to approach an agent. But agents are industry experts, so it can be a great help in getting published!\nFinding a Literary Agent\nSo, you\u2019ve decided you want an agent. But how can you find one? Here are a few places you may want to look for literary agents:\n\n \tThe Writers\u2019 Handbook and Writers\u2019 and Artists\u2019 Yearbook \u2013 Updated annually, these handbooks list active literary agents and publishers, alongside their preferred genres and previous publications.\n \tOnline Directories \u2013 You can also look online for literary agents. This includes websites like PublishersMarketplace, AgentQuery, JerichoWriters, etc. You can also browse LinkedIn for agents and message whomever interests you.\n \tConferences and Events \u2013 Networking at writing conferences is the best way to make relevant contacts and meet agents. You can make a stronger impression in person than via an email, after all. Look for any local events in your area, but it\u2019s also worth travelling to bigger events.\n \tOnline Writing Groups \u2013 If travelling isn\u2019t an option, you can still network with other writers and publishing professionals online. Use these communities to seek advice on finding an agent or publisher.\n\nWhen you find an agent, you can send them your manuscript or pitch, along with a cover letter. And while you may not get interest right away \u2013 few authors do! \u2013 it's worth persisting, as all you need is to find the right person.\n\nIn addition, don\u2019t forget to have your manuscript proofread. This might seem confusing: surely the proofreading comes after you\u2019ve found a publisher? But a first draft is rarely polished, so a little help from an expert copyeditor can help you impress agents and commissioning editors.